Two little children were sitting by the fire one cold winter’s night. All at once they heard a timid knock at
the door, and one ran to open it.
There, outside in the cold and the darkness, stood a child with no shoes upon his feet and clad in thin,
ragged garments. He was shivering with cold, and he asked to come in and warm himself.
«Yes, come,» cried both the children; «you shall have our place by the fire. Come in!»
They drew the little stranger to their warm seat and shared their supper with him, and gave him their
bed, while they slept on a hard bench.
In the night they were awakened by strains of sweet music and, looking out, they saw a band of children
in shining garments approaching the house. They were playing on golden harps, and the air was full of
Suddenly the Stranger Child stood before them; no longer cold and ragged, but clad in silvery light.
His soft voice said: «I was cold and you took Me in. I was hungry, and you fed Me. I was tired, and you
gave Me your bed. I am the Christ Child, wandering through the world to bring peace and happiness to
all good children. As you have given to Me, so may this tree every year give rich fruit to you.»
So saying, He broke a branch from the fir tree that grew near the door, and He planted it in the ground
and disappeared. But the branch grew into a great tree, and every year it bore wonderful golden fruit for
the kind children.
by Lucy Wheelock
Christmas Day is celebrated on December 25th of each year. It is the day Christians celebrate the birth of Jesus Christ. The word “Christmas” means “Christ’s Mass” – derived from the English term “Christes masse”. There are many different customs and traditions around the world. American customs come from many places. Santa Claus has a Dutch origin. He was developed from St. Nicholas who was a real person. St. Nicholas, was the patron saint of school boys. He brought gifts to the children. The idea that Santa Claus comes down the chimney originated in Norway, where children hang Christmas stockings on the fireplace mantel. Christmas trees have pagan origins. When pagans became Christian, they used evergreens (a sacred tree) for the holiday by decorating them with nuts and candles. They sang Christmas carols as they danced around the Christmas tree.
Christmas colors are red and green. Today, traditional Christmas activities include caroling, making and giving gifts, sending cards to family and friends, and enjoying festive dinners and parties. Below are symbols of Christmas and their significance.
«From the History of Football»
(text in English with Passive Voice )
Words to understand:
- allow — разрешать
- for a purpose — с целью
- whether — ли
- both hands and feet — как руки так и ноги
- disappointed — разочарованный
- lose patience — потерять терпение
- struggle — борьба
- hold — держать
- introduce — вводить в практику
- prevent from — мешать
Ball games were well knownhundreds of years ago. They didn’t take place in the stadiums or on football fields (pitches). They were played in squares and streets of the cities and villages, and they are dangerous to windows and doors of the houses.
People in those days were so excited about these games that they used to leave their work to take part in a game. That’s why at the beginning of the 17th century special laws were made against playing ball games. Nobody was allowed to play, and for two hundred and fifty years there were no games in Europe.
People began to play again in the second half of the 19th century.
In 1863, a meeting was called in a tavern in Great Queen Street, London, for the purpose of deciding the rules of the games. The main question was whether the players must use both their hands and feet, or only their feet. There was much excitement at the meeting. Shouts of “Only feet” came from one end of the hall. “Hands and feet” came from the other end . At last the disappointed“hands and feet” group saw that they could not win, they lost patience and left the hall, giving up struggle. The meeting then became quieter and thirteen rules of football were agreed on. In 1863, they were published and became the international rules of the game all over the world.
The rules fixed the number of men in a team: the team has a goal-keeper, one full-back, one half-back and eight forwards. Only the goalkeeper could hold the ball in his hands.
Within the time the rules were changing, for example, the sound of referee’s whistle was heard for the first time in 1878. Before that time, the referees shouted to the players, or made signals with their arms. The goal, as we see it today, was introduced in 1891. The same year was the introduction of the eleven-metre penalty kick. At first, the goalkeeper was allowed to move six metres to defend his goal. He could cross from one corner of the goal to the other to prevent the player frommaking the penalty kick. But the rule was introduced fixing the position of the goalkeeper, and forcing him to stand without moving before the penalty kick was made.
In 1925, the rules were changed for the last time.
Questions to the text:
- Why were ball games not always allowed by law?
- When were the football rules published?
- Did they change within the time?
- How many players are there in a team?
- What are they?
- Do you know the name of a game which is similar to football but players can hold the ball in their hands?
Collaborative project with 6th graders/Christmas songs,karaokes
- In Denmark they save all of their unused dishes and plates until the 31st of December when they affectionately shatter them against the doors of all their friends and family.
- In the Philippines they believe that everything should be round so as to represent coins and bring wealth. Round food, round clothes, as long as it’s round.
- In some South American countries wearing colored underwear will determine your fate for the new year. Red underwear means you’ll find love. Gold means wealth, and white means peace.
- In Spain, if you can manage to stuff 12 grapes in your mouth at midnight you’ve achieved good luck for the next year.
- Today, Italians let their church bells peal, the Swiss beat drums, and the North Americans sound sirens and party horns to bid the old year farewell.
- In Scotland, the custom of first-footing is an important part of the celebration of Hogmanay, or New Year’s Eve Day. This practice holds that the first foot to cross a threshold after midnight will predict the next year’s fortune.
- Not all New Year’s celebrations take place on December 31. The Jewish New Year, called Rosh Hashanah, is in September. During this two-day holiday, families celebrate tradition through food and prayer services. A traditional celebration will almost always include slices of apple dipped in honey, a symbol of a sweet new year. This is the first of the High Holy Days.
- New Year on the island of Bali is celebrated in March, coinciding with their lunar New Year. If you’re looking for a place to relax and unwind, join in on the 12-hour dedicated silence and meditation that sweeps across the island.
- Romanian Farmers try to communicate with their animals on New Year’s Eve, they belive it will bring good luck.
- In England people used to kiss each other. After midninght people join their hands in a circle and say a poem written by Scottish poet Robert Burns <<Auld Lang Sync>>
- In Greece an onion is hang from the front door of the house, as a symbol of rebirth. Parents then wake thier children by tapping them on heads with the onion.
- Russians write down a wish nurn it and throw it into a champange glass. Then they must drink it before 12.00.
- In Siberia and Russia it is tradition to dive into a frozen lake.
- Many Chinese people paint their front door red as a symbol of happiness and good fortune.
The learners find new and strange information about other countries traditions. We read discuss and make a video. We make presentations and put all the materials on our blogs.
This project will be done with 8th graders. The aim of the project is to enlarge our learners knowledge,their vocabulary.
The aim of the project is to have more knowledge about other countries’ customs and traditions. First of all students must find interesting and strange information about how other countries celebrate their winter holiday.
1.Investigate the legend of Santa Claus.
2.Investigate different aspects of the Christmas celebration including the tree, the decorations, the stockings, the carols and more.
3.Investigate different aspects of the Christmas celebration including the tree, the decorations, the stockings, the carols and more.
4.Investigate traditional foods for each culture and create them for the rest of the class to sample.
5.Read O. Henry’s «The Gift of the Magi» and discuss its meaning.
Students also must write a composition on the following themes:
Առավոտյան ընդհանուր պարապմունք
Օտար լեզու դասավանդողների սեմինար
Միասնական ընդհանուր պարապմունք
Առավոտյան ընդհանուր պարապմունք
Օտար լեզուներ դասավանդողների հավաք
Միասնական ընդհանուր պարապմունք
Իրականացման օրը՝ նոյեմբերի 8
Ճամփորդության երթուղին՝ Արմավիրի մարզ գ․Սարդարապատ-սբ․Աստվածածին եկեղեցի-Սարդարապատի հուշահամալիր,Զվարթնոց տաճար,Երևան
Մասնակիցներ՝ 7-րդ, 8-րդ դասարանների սովորողներ
Պատասխանատու ուսուցիչներ ՝ Տաթև Ալեքսանյան,Ժաննա Հակոբյան
- Կրթական փոխանակումներ,Բլեյան բաց ցանցի ներկայացում Սարդարապատի միջնակարգ դպրոցում։
- Հայրենագիտական այցելություն Սարդարապատի հերոսամարտի հուշահամալիր,հայոց ազգագրության և ազատագրական պայքարի պատմության թանգարան
- Շրջայց Սարդարապատ գյուղում ՝ սբ․Աստվածածին եկեղեցի,Սարդարապատ ամրոց
- Սաթինե Տեր-Պետրոսյան+
- Մինասյան Լիլիթ+
- Երեմյան Մերի+
- Հակոբյան Թերեզա+
- Ոսկանյան Մարիա+
- Շահվերդյան Տիգրան+
- Փանոսյան Վահագն+
- Կագանյան Հարություն+
- Խեչոյան Հակոբ+
- Խաչատրյան Անի+
- Խաչատրյան Սարգիս+
- Դուրգարյան Նարեկ+
- Արտենյան Դավիթ+
- Արտենյան Լուիզա+
- Աղեկյան Արտյոմ+
- Մանուկյան Կարինա+
- Մանուկյան Մարիաննա+
- Սուսաննա Մամիկոնյան
- Վահե Քոսակյան
- Արթին Նարեկ
- Հայրապետյան Նարեկ
- Հովհաննիսյան Ռաֆայել
- Այանեան Միքայել
- Գրիգորյան Ալբերտ
The aim of the project is to introduce students with different means of communication,to enlarge their knowledge and learn new words.
The process :students find some information about old means of communication and compare with existing means.They make discussions and share opinions with each other. Читать далее